• Metro
  • Floor navigation in Moscow Metro stations

    Overview   Process   Real Life  

    Task: to create floor navigation.

    A design concept and installation project of floor navigation signs were created for 49 Moscow Metro stations located inside the Circle line.

    A sign for Teatralnaya station

    Flow distribution and necessary information

    Floor navigation helps distribute passenger flows coming in different directions. If an escalator at the end of a station is located on the right, the sign showing the way will also be located on the right.

    Release date: April 23 2014

    Cast:

    artistic director
    Artemy Lebedev
    art director
    Ludwig Bistronovsky
    designers
    Mark Rodionov
    Sergey Steblina
    Konstantin Konovalov
    secret adviser
    Egor Zhgun
    technical designers
    Oleg Maykhopar
    Mart Abramzon
    Evgeny Borovik
    architect
    Anastasia Tikhonova
    photographer
    Zhanna Galay
    proofreader
    Aleksandr Nosikov
    project manager
    Varvara Lagutina
    The studio wishes to thank Vladimir Titov and Ivan Burtsev from the Department of Transportation and Road Infrastructure Development of Moscow for their help with the project.

    Typeface: Direct


    The signs show only the directions that are immediately helpful to the passengers, helping to remove distracting information and increase legibility. Signs showing the way to neighboring stations display no arrows to reduce clutter. Direction arrows appear only in situations where it is important to direct people to prevent them from walking against the oncoming passenger flow.

    Signs with and without line numbers

    Floor color

    The floor on every station is unique: on some stations it is made of red granite with a black pattern, on others it consists of checkered black and white granite slabs, and sometimes it is simply patchwork granite. Five colors of concrete were chosen to ensure that each tile would match the background without breaking the pattern and looking foreign.

    The modules precisely match the seams of granite slabs, meaning there is no distortion of the floor pattern.

    The main priority is to blend navigation elements into the surroundings without ruining the appearance of vestibules. The signs must become a natural addition to station interior, helping people find their way around.

    The original sign
    2100×700 mm (82,7″×27,5″)
    Checkered floor with 700 mm (27,5″) tiles
    2050×1000 mm (80,7″×39,4″)
    Checkered floor with 1000 mm (39,4″) tiles
    1950×800 mm (76,7″×31,5″)
    Light-colored floor with 800 mm (31,5″) tiles
    1950×1100 mm (76,7″×43,3″)
    Red granite floor with 550 mm (21,6″) tiles
    1950×1000 mm (76,7″×39,4″)
    Pattern floor
    2100×900 mm (82,7″×35,4″)
    Perpendicular tiles
    1950×900 mm (76,7″×35,4″)
    A mixture of various tiles
    2000×1000 mm (78,7″×39,4″)
    New station floor


    Vestibules

    Traditionally, vestibules in Moscow Metro are named after one of the stations of the transfer hub, even when the vestibule provides access to several Metro lines. For example, the shared entrance to Tverskaya and Pushkinskaya station is named Pushkinskaya Station, while the entrance to Pushkinskaya and Chekhovskaya stations is simply Chekhovskaya Station. Floor navigation signs have names of all stations in a transfer hub, since it is always easier to make a transfer through a neighboring station than to go out on the street and look for a different entrance.

    Signs with line numbers are aligned in ascending order



    Exit to the city

    There is a plan to introduce a unified system of navigation in all of Moscow in the near future. It is expected that every Metro exit will have its own number.

    Sign with and without exit numbers

    Cross-platform transfer stations

    In such stations one platform serves trains from two different lines, which means it is not necessary to guide passengers to another line. A special version of signs showing the directions of travel from the platform was created for such stations.

    All the directions

    Modularity

    The navigation system is made up of modules that can be easily combined with each other. A module is a rectangular slab of colored concrete on which all the necessary information is printed with ceramic granite.

    The shared principle: first, the direction arrow, next—the way out block, and finally—line number modules
    When it is necessary to direct the passenger flow to the right, the direction arrow is placed at the rightmost position so as not to point at a digit
    A sign showing a transfer

    Materials

    The navigation elements are created using strong and durable materials: the base is asbestos arcing-resistant board; the upper part is made of modified epoxy filled with quartz sand; the letters, digits and arrows are made of ceramic granite. Elements are colored in the mass which allows them to maintain color longer despite demanding conditions.



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