School design guide

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Task:
to conduct research and develop a guide.

Study of the architecture of Moscow schools

By the request of the Department of Education of Moscow, Art. Lebedev Studio and Moscow Architectural Institute have developed a standard school design guide based on a large-scale preliminary research. The guide formulates principles of good design of education environment which will help make schools beautiful and comfortable for both teachers and students.

1. General recommendations

1.1 General principles
1.2 Graphic and text materials
1.3 Navigation

2. Rooms

2.1 Entrance lobby
2.2 Checkroom
2.3 Corridors and recreational areas
2.4 Elementary school classrooms
2.5 Standard middle school classrooms
2.6 Specialized middle school classrooms
2.7 Cafeteria
2.8 Gyms
2.9 Assembly and dance halls
2.10 Library
2.11 Doctor’s office
2.12 Administrative offices
2.13 Санузлы

2.5 Standard middle school classrooms
2.6 Specialized middle school classrooms
2.7 Cafeteria
2.8 Gyms
2.9 Assembly and dance halls
2.10 Library
2.11 Doctor’s office
2.12 Administrative offices
2.13 Washrooms

Comprehensive approach

The guide includes recommendations on layout and finish of classrooms, lighting, purchasing furniture and equipment, as well as sample graphic design solutions.

The comprehensive approach reduces costs, cuts down planning time and helps create a coherent visual environment.

Functional zones

Space zoning helps organize areas for study, recreation, games, equipment storage and parent waiting.


Study zone contains student desks and teaching materials
Study zone contains student desks and teaching materials

Sections of the guide are accompanied by illustrations of sample interiors developed based on the research and study of European schools.

Detailed illustrations demonstrate successful design ideas

Renovations

Different types of areas are presented in their own sections of the guide. Special attention is given to the design of classrooms for elementary and middle school classes, the cafeteria, assembly halls and gyms, washrooms, corridors, recreational areas, library, checkroom, doctor’s and administrative offices.

Each of these areas has its own distinctive requirements which are represented in the guide. For example, flooring at the entrance, in the cafeteria and in washrooms should be water-resistant, while in the gym it should be cushioned.


Doors and windows are highlighted in color



Heavy-duty, ecological, hypoallergenic and easy to maintain materials are recommended for entrance lobby flooring

The guide includes information on benefits and shortcomings of various materials, their service life, installation and purchasing requirements. All information is supported by photographs of successful and unsuccessful finishing. The illustrations help understand the nuances and avoid common mistakes during renovation.

Color schemes

Prepared color palettes for finishing take into account the purpose of the rooms and the lighting.

Wall is coated with stripes of equal or varying width. Chairs have to be of a single color specified in the palette for the chosen wall
Wall is coated with stripes of equal or varying width. Chairs have to be of a single color specified in the palette for the chosen wall

Furniture

Special attention is given to the furniture. The guide explains in detail how to choose items with required characteristics, arrange and safely position them.

Characteristics
Color: single color, bright or neutral, no ornaments or prints
Material: plywood, chipboard, MDF covered with plastic, laminated or painted
Recommended height: up to 220 cm (87″) to ensure ease of use


Location
Along the back wall in the storage area. If there is water supply, top modules are located above the sink

Arrangement
Modules are chosen based on the teacher’s needs

Student desks are chosen based on ergonomics.


Type 1
Combination
Open storage area with a bag hook
Price range: 2000–3000 rub.


Type 2
Chair and desk
Separate bag hook
Price range: 3000–4000 rub.

Type 3
Chair and desk
Desk and chair height adjustment
Desk angle adjustment
Open storage area with a bag hook
Price range: 6000–8000 rub.

Type 4
Chair and desk
Desk and chair height adjustment
Desk angle adjustment
Enclosed storage area with a bag hook
Price range: 8000–10 000 rub.

Lighting

Lamps recommended in the document comply with all sanitary standards and are easy to maintain.

Details

The guide provides recommendations for placement of all interior details and even offers advice on placement of hooks, coat hangers, trash bins and soft pillows. Such a careful approach helps make school areas comfortable and cozy.


Detailed illustrations include a variety of interior design scenarios

Detailed illustrations include a variety of interior design scenarios

Navigation

The guide includes signs that can be used in any school. They help new students and parents find a classroom or a hall and bring variety to corridors and recreation areas.

Long-distance sign zone
Short-distance sign zone

Graphic materials

Detailed recommendations help select and place diagrams, maps, charts and posters.

Wall decorations

Graphic elements that can be used in decorating corridors and classrooms were collected in an image bank open to all schools. Walls can be decorated with bright and informative illustrations on prepared stencils chosen by architects and designers on a competitive basis.

Useful information on the walls

Rules, diagrams and formulas become elements of graphic design. Illustrating complex material with real-life examples makes it easy to understand.


Formula for determining fluid pressure can be placed in the physics classroom or in a washroom
Formula for determining fluid pressure can be placed in the physics classroom or in a washroom

Document templates

Prepared document templates make working in a word processor easy and bring order to school documentation. Recommendations for writing texts are also included to help working with the content.

Model typography facilitates perception of information and accustoms children to good style.

Document design

A single typeface and a set of pictograms are used in the design of announcements and schedules. Small images do not distract from the text yet bring variety and reduce formalism of written notices.


Developers welcome expert opinions and invite engineers, teachers and school administrators to submit their comments using the feedback form.


artistic director

  • Artemy Lebedev

art directors

  • Еrken Kagarov
  • Ludwig Bistronovsky

secret advisor

  • Timur Burbaev

architects

  • Anastasia Tikhonova
  • Nikita Barinov
  • Edoardo Rizzuti
  • Oleg Stukalov

designers

  • Sofia Solomko
  • Mark Rodionov
  • Dmitry Lamonov
  • Egor Zhgun
  • Anastasia Musaeva
  • Aleksandr Blagov
  • Valery Tolchanov

intern designers

  • Regina Krupnova
  • Natalya Evladova

chief typesetter

  • Iskander Mukhamadeev

typesetters

  • Anna Golovina
  • Yaroslav Bondarenko

intern typesetters

  • Anna Olshevskaya
  • Viktoria Bocharova
  • Ekaterina Chernobay
  • Aleksey Gorokhovsky
  • Nadezhda Efremova

type designer

  • Ksenia Erulevich

visualizer

  • Viktor Lvov

photographers

  • Evgenia Filatova
  • Anastasia Pakosh

illustrators

  • Maksim Degtyarev
  • Yana Moskalyuk
  • Lizaveta Romantsova

translator

  • Tatiana Kozlova

editors

  • Katerina Andreeva
  • Anna Potapkina

project managers

  • Larisa Melnikova
  • Katya Filimonova
  • Alexey Igoshin
  • Anna Frolova
  • Yulya Nikolaeva
  • Aleksey Luri
  • Andrey Dyakov
  • From Moscow Architectural Institute

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project manager

  • Andrey Zhivaykin

scientific advisor

  • Marina Mikheeva

head of the research group

  • Lena Shaymanova

researchers

  • Vladimir Shipilov
  • Galina Kulagina
  • Daniel Timozhinskiy
  • Ekaterina Barsukova
  • Irina Platonova
  • Olga Metalnikova
  • Olga Shvetsova
  • Yaroslava Barmenkova

architect

  • Elvira Taktashova