About the botanical continents

To help a viewer understand where the territories are located on the world map, coming up with colorblind-friendly continent markers.

It’s enough to look at a Roman number next to the territory name to see which continent the territory is located on.

Noting that on Google Maps Ronne Ice Shelf in Antarctica is designated as water, but the Ross Ice Shelf is shown as land.

This means that Antarctica surface area was calculated incorrectly. On many other online maps it is perfectly clear that both Ronne and Ross Ice Shelves are not designated as land.

Updating the data, rerunning all calculations, projecting on a sphere and unfolding.

Before:
After:

Antarctica lost 531 591 km2, the poster now has 143 804 549 km2 of land and 366 261 073 km2 of water.

Now we just need to decide on the classification of regions.

Creators of geographic charts, tables and catalogs classify regions geopolitically, biogeographically and by many other parameters. The designer and the editor can spend an eternity trying to navigate this plethora of classifications without reaching a consensus. To reach an agreement and to have some confidence in how things will turn out biologically and geopolitically in the future, it would be great to tie our data to some standard. Of all the examples mentioned above, the World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions seems the most appropriate.

The scheme’s article on Wikipedia has a very detailed and graphic description, down to the single pixel of land surface. It would be a shame not to count them. However, the scheme isn’t so great for tables with state names since some of the countries in the scheme belong to two continents simultaneously. Russia for example takes 3 711 866 km² of land surface in Europe and 2 728 760 km² in Asia-Temperate.

I — Europe; II — Africa; III — Asia-Temperate; IV — Asia-Tropical; V — Australasia; VI — Pacific; VII — Northern America; VIII — Southern America; IX — Antarctica

Europe — 9 479 843 km²

Russia (in Europe)3 711 866
Ukraine 555 891
France 543 119
Spain 494 005
Sweden 410 151
Germany 351 127
Poland 305 817
Norway 303 569
Finland 300 856
Italy 296 404
United Kingdom (UK) 240 512
Romania 234 155
Belarus 204 018
Greece 130 051
Bulgaria 109 781
Iceland 100 002
Hungary 91 176
Portugal 87 700
Austria 82 815
Czech Republic 77 914
Serbia 76 474
Ireland 68 196
Lithuania 63 289
Latvia 62 910
Svalbard and Jan Mayen (Norway) 61 347
Croatia 55 626
Bosnia and Herzegovina 50 750
Slovakia 48 438
Estonia 42 896
Denmark 42 189
Switzerland 39 636
Netherlands 33 987
Belgium 30 289
Moldova 30 135
Albania 27 946
Republic of Macedonia 24 818
Turkey (in Europe) 23 303
Slovenia 20 114
Montenegro 13 554
Kaliningrad Oblast (Russia) 13 267
Republic of Kosovo 10 846
Transnistria 3 198
Luxembourg 2 576
Faroe Islands (Denmark) 1 370
Isle of Man (UK) 566
Andorra 464
Malta 308
Liechtenstein 157
Jersey (UK) 119
Guernsey (UK) 77
San Marino 61
Gibraltar (UK) 6
Monaco 2
Vatican City0,5
Sealand0,001

Africa — 29 613 628 km²

Algeria2 307 828
Democratic Republic of the Congo2 297 964
Sudan1 847 033
Libya1 617 231
Chad1 261 030
Mali1 252 873
Angola1 252 826
South Africa1 205 842
Niger1 180 389
Ethiopia1 125 017
Mauritania1 040 813
Egypt (in Africa) 933 963
Nigeria 903 935
Tanzania 886 072
Namibia 818 802
Mozambique 776 766
Zambia 740 302
South Sudan 645 764
Somalia 637 018
Central African Republic 622 985
Madagascar 590 266
Kenya 577 324
Botswana 560 877
Cameroon 464 047
Morocco 411 687
Zimbabwe 387 835
Republic of the Congo 342 134
Cote d'Ivoire 320 525
Burkina Faso 273 715
Western Sahara 270 055
Gabon 261 945
Guinea 245 903
Ghana 233 153
Uganda 204 164
Senegal 196 032
Tunisia 148 117
Eritrea 121 049
Benin 115 693
Liberia 96 073
Malawi 94 080
Sierra Leone 72 218
Togo 56 592
Guinea-Bissau 33 422
Lesotho 30 548
Equatorial Guinea 26 968
Burundi 25 043
Rwanda 23 922
Djibouti 21 514
Swaziland 17 326
Gambia 10 446
Canary Islands (Spain) 7 403
Cape Verde 4 028
Yemen (in Africa) 3 754
Reunion (France) 2 497
Azores (Portugal) 2 287
Mauritius 1 990
Comoros 1 657
Sao Tome and Principe 998
Madeira (Portugal) 789
Seychelles 440
Mayotte (France) 382
Saint Helena (UK) 122
Ascension Island (UK) 96
Europa Island (France) 21
Ceuta (Spain) 20
Melilla (Spain) 12
Juan de Nova Island (France) 5
Glorioso Islands (France) 4
Tromelin Island (France)1

Asia-Temperate — 34 801 745 km²

Russia (in Asia-Temperate)12 728 760
China9 258 246
Kazakhstan2 653 464
Saudi Arabia1 931 076
Iran1 611 758
Mongolia1 538 959
Turkey (in Asia-Temperate) 741 535
Afghanistan 637 016
Turkmenistan 462 439
Yemen (in Asia-Temperate) 450 723
Uzbekistan 434 311
Iraq 428 441
Japan 367 693
Oman 309 104
Kyrgyzstan 189 537
Syria 184 841
Tajikistan 138 809
КНДР 120 252
South Korea 98 913
Jordan 88 925
Azerbaijan 84 186
United Arab Emirates 71 398
Egypt (in Asia-Temperate) 60 668
Georgia 56 611
Taiwan 35 521
Armenia 28 315
Israel 21 522
Kuwait 17 352
Qatar 11 591
Lebanon 10 217
Abkhazia 8 638
Palestine 6 025
Republic of Cyprus 5 499
South Ossetia 3 848
Northern Cyprus 3 453
Hong Kong 1 066
Bahrain 757
Akrotiri and Dhekelia (UK) 248
Macau 30

Asia-Tropical — 9 253 809 km²

India3 095 999
Indonesia1 884 046
Pakistan 845 440
Myanmar 663 006
Thailand 510 383
Papua New Guinea 461 681
Vietnam 323 811
Philippines 293 431
Laos 228 428
East Malaysia 197 016
Cambodia 177 847
Nepal 146 905
Bangladesh 133 891
West Malaysia 130 548
Sri Lanka 64 701
Bhutan 39 939
Solomon Islands (in Asia-Tropical) 27 443
East Timor 14 696
Andaman and Nicobar Islands (India) 7 771
Brunei Darussalam 5 863
Singapore 678
Christmas Island (Australia) 133
Maldives 87
British Indian Ocean Territory (UK) 45
Cocos Islands (Australia) 12
Spratly Islands (Brunei, China, Malaysia, Philippines, Taiwan and Vietnam) 6
Paracel Islands (China, Taiwan, Vietnan) 4

Australasia — 7 856 123 km²

Australia7 592 594
New Zealand 263 493
Norfolk Island (Australia) 36

Pacific — 78 191 km²

Fiji 18 723
New Caledonia (France) 18 516
Hawaii (USA) 16 667
Vanuatu 12 076
French Polynesia (France) 3 516
Samoa 2 834
Solomon Islands (in Pacific) 860
Tonga 659
Federated States of Micronesia 654
Guam (USA) 539
Line Islands (Kiribati) 489
Northern Mariana Islands (USA) 462
Palau 442
Gilbert Islands (Kiribati) 284
Cook Islands (New Zealand) 284
Niue (New Zealand) 261
Marshall Islands 210
American Samoa (USA) 197
Easter Island (Chile) 182
Wallis and Futuna (France) 139
Pitcairn Islands (UK) 49
Tokelau (New Zealand) 41
Phoenix Islands (Kiribati) 33
Nauru 21
Tuvalu 20
Wake Island (USA) 9
Banaba Island (Kiribati) 6
Midway Atoll (USA) 5
Jarvis Island (USA) 4
Clipperton Island (France) 3
Palmyra Atoll (USA) 3
Howland Island (USA) 2
Baker Island (USA) 1
Johnston Atoll (USA) 1
Kure Atoll (USA)0,9
Kingman Reef (USA)0,002

Northern America 22 079 727 km²

Canada8 908 366
United States of America7 654 643
Greenland (Denmark)2 135 337
Mexico1 943 749
State of Alaska (USA)1 437 415
Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 217

Southern America 18 248 040 km²

Brazil8 399 858
Argentina2 712 060
Peru1 283 402
Colombia1 126 743
Bolivia1 076 320
Venezuela 904 426
Chile 741 401
Paraguay 396 919
Ecuador 247 880
Guyana 210 918
Uruguay 173 865
Suriname 144 767
Nicaragua 119 187
Honduras 111 675
Cuba 110 160
Guatemala 108 262
French Guiana (France) 83 677
Panama 74 517
Costa Rica 51 128
Dominican Republic 47 768
Haiti 26 810
Belize 21 807
El Salvador 20 399
Bahamas 12 272
Jamaica 10 971
Puerto Rico (USA) 8 881
Galapagos Islands (Ecuador) 8 019
Trinidad and Tobago 5 135
Guadeloupe (France) 1 625
Martinique (France) 1 110
Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 885
Dominica 748
Saint Lucia 603
Barbados 434
Antigua and Barbuda 421
Curacao (Netherlands) 418
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 382
Grenada 352
US Virgin Islands (USA) 335
Bonaire (Netherlands) 268
Cayman Islands (UK) 258
Saint Kitts and Nevis 258
Aruba (Netherlands) 175
British Virgin Islands (UK) 139
Montserrat (UK) 100
Anguilla (UK) 77
Bermuda (UK) 50
Saint Martin (French) 46
San Andres, Providencia and Santa Catalina (Colombia) 46
Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 31
Sint Eustatius (Netherlands) 20
Saint Barthelemy (France) 18
Saba (Netherlands) 12
Navassa Island (USA) 4

Antarctica 12 393 443 km²

Antarctica12 369 609
Falkland Islands (UK) 11 785
Kerguelen Islands (France) 6 978
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (UK) 3 628
Heard Island and McDonald Islands (Australia) 344
Crozet Islands (France) 338
Prince Edward Islands (South Africa ) 329
Tristan da Cunha (UK) 176
Macquarie Island (Australia) 121
Bouvet Island (Norway) 73
Amsterdam Island (France) 53
Saint-Paul Island (France) 10

We also need to note that WGSRPD was developed for biologists and everybody gets a bit bored when it talks about Asia-Temperate, Asia-Tropical or Australasia. In the course of further examination of geoschemes we found out that the time-tested List of Countries and Codes in the Useful Stuff section of the studio’s website matches the United Nations geoscheme.


I — Europe; II — Africa; III — Asia; IV — Oceania; V — North America; VI — South America; VII — Antarctica

Europe — 22 298 366 km²

Russia16 523 291
Ukraine558 031
France539 416
Spain495 397
Sweden412 314
Germany352 555
Poland312 722
Norway305 211
Finland302 498
Italy297 320
United Kingdom (UK)241 571
Romania234 966
Belarus204 905
Greece130 398
Bulgaria110 122
Iceland100 555
Hungary91 506
Portugal87 941
Austria83 118
Czech Republic78 219
Serbia76 724
Ireland68 490
Lithuania63 577
Latvia63 207
Svalbard and Jan Mayen (Norway)61 745
Croatia55 814
Bosnia and Herzegovina50 916
Slovakia48 622
Estonia43 107
Denmark42 384
Switzerland39 778
Netherlands34 130
Belgium30 411
Moldova30 244
Albania28 027
Republic of Macedonia24 891
Slovenia20 184
Montenegro13 596
Kaliningrad Oblast (Russia)13 326
Kosovo10 880
Canary Islands (Spain)7414
Luxembourg2586
Azores (Portugal)2293
Faroe Islands (Denmark)1378
Madeira (Portugal)790
Isle of Man (UK)568
Andorra465
Malta309
Liechtenstein158
Jersey (UK)120
Guernsey (UK)78
San Marino61
Ceuta (Spain)20
Melilla (Spain)12
Gibraltar (UK)6
Monaco2
Vatican City0,5
Sealand0,001

Africa — 29 679 701 km²

Algeria2 311 284 
Democratic Republic of the Congo2 298 093 
Sudan1 848 010 
Libya1 619 483 
Chad1 261 656 
Mali1 253 642 
Angola1 253 229 
South Africa1 207 747 
Niger1 181 112 
Ethiopia1 125 202 
Mauritania1 041 661 
Egypt995 966 
Nigeria904 112 
Tanzania886 158 
Namibia819 591 
Mozambique777 243 
Zambia740 579 
South Sudan645 839 
Somalia637 081 
Central African Republic623 043 
Madagascar591 278 
Kenya577 330 
Botswana561 420 
Cameroon464 083 
Morocco412 458 
Zimbabwe388 113 
Republic of the Congo342 139 
Cote d'Ivoire320 564 
Burkina Faso273 799 
Western Sahara270 371 
Gabon261 946 
Guinea245 957 
Ghana233 184 
Uganda204 166 
Senegal196 113 
Tunisia148 430 
Eritrea121 106 
Benin115 716 
Liberia96 081 
Malawi94 115 
Sierra Leone72 229 
Togo56 600 
Guinea-Bissau33 431 
Lesotho30 598 
Equatorial Guinea26 968 
Burundi25 043 
Rwanda23 923 
Djibouti21 520 
Swaziland17 349 
Gambia10 450 
Cape Verde4031 
Reunion (France)2499 
Mauritius2057 
Comoros1657 
Sao Tome and Principe998 
Seychelles440 
Mayotte (France)382 
Tristan da Cunha (UK)176 
Saint Helena (UK)122 
Ascension Island (UK)96 
Europa Island (France)21 
Juan de Nova Island (France)5 
Glorioso Islands (France)3 
Tromelin Island (France)1

Asia — 30 866 977 km²

China9 279 961
India3 107 011
Kazakhstan2 663 315
Saudi Arabia1 940 611
Indonesia1 884 107
Iran1 614 889
Mongolia1 544 445
Pakistan846 859
Turkey766 879
Myanmar663 594
Afghanistan638 342
Thailand510625
Turkmenistan463 674
Yemen454 707
Uzbekistan435 604
Iraq429 297
Japan368 605
Vietnam316 653
Oman309 362
Philippines293 519
Laos228 584
East Malaysia197 072
Kyrgyzstan190 095
Syria185 250
Cambodia177 905
Tajikistan139 171
Bangladesh134 038
West Malaysia130 553
Nepal123 246
North Korea120 588
Jordan112 966
South Korea99 147
Azerbaijan84 423
United Arab Emirates71 477
Sri Lanka64 708
Georgia56 782
Bhutan39 996
Taiwan35 560
Armenia28 394
Israel21 562
Kuwait17 380
East Timor14 698
Qatar11 606
Lebanon10 239
Abkhazia8665
Palestine6036
Brunei Darussalam5863
Republic of Cyprus5511
South Ossetia3860
Northern Cyprus3461
Transnistria3209
Hong Kong1067
Bahrain758
Singapore678
Akrotiri and Dhekelia (UK)248
Maldives87
Macau30
Spratly Islands (Brunei, China, Malaysia, Philippines, Taiwan and Vietnam)6

Oceania — 8 433 731 km²

Australia7 602 329
Papua New Guinea461 724
New Zealand264 276
Solomon Islands28 307
Fiji18 734
New Caledonia (France)18 466
Hawaii (USA)16 680
Vanuatu11 514
French Polynesia (France)3518
Samoa2835
Tonga659
Federated States of Micronesia655
Guam (USA)539
Line Islands (Kiribati)489
Northern Mariana Islands (USA)462
Palau442
Gilbert Islands (Kiribati)284
Cook Islands (New Zealand)284
Niue (New Zealand)261
Marshall Islands210
American Samoa (USA)197
Easter Island (Chile)183
Wallis and Futuna (France)139
Christmas Island (Australia)133
Macquarie Island (Australia)122
Pitcairn Islands (UK)49
British Indian Ocean Territory (UK)45
Tokelau (New Zealand)41
Norfolk Island (Australia)36
Phoenix Islands (Kiribati)33
Nauru21
Tuvalu20
Cocos Islands (Australia)12
Wake Island (USA)9
Banaba (Kiribati)6
Midway Atoll (USA)5
Jarvis Island (USA)4
Palmyra Atoll (USA)3
Howland (USA)2
Baker (USA)1
Johnston Atoll (USA)1
Kure Atoll (USA)1
Kingman Reef0,002

North America — 22 904 475 km²

Canada8 851 148
United States of America7 675 122
Greenland (Denmark)2 108 634
Mexico1 945 932
State of Alaska (USA)1 585 264
Nicaragua119 227
Honduras111 724
Cuba110 261
Guatemala108 315
Panama74 528
Costa Rica51 138
Dominican Republic47 802
Haiti26 829
Belize21 820
El Salvador20 406
The Bahamas12 286
Jamaica10 978
Puerto Rico (USA)8886
Trinidad and Tobago5137
Guadeloupe (France)1626
Martinique (France)1111
Turks and Caicos Islands (UK)886
Dominica748
Saint Lucia603
Barbados434
Antigua and Barbuda422
Curacao (Netherlands)419
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines382
Grenada352
US Virgin Islands (USA)336
Bonaire (Netherlands)269
Cayman Islands (UK)259
Saint Kitts and Nevis258
Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France)218
Aruba (Netherlands)175
British Virgin Islands (UK)139
Montserrat (UK)100
Anguilla (UK)77
Bermuda (UK)50
Saint Martin (French)46
San Andres, Providencia and Santa Catalina (Colombia)46
Saint Martin (France)31
Sint Eustatius (Netherlands)20
Saint Barthelemy (France)18
Saba (Netherlands)12
Navassa Island (USA)4
Clipperton Island (France)2

South America — 17 534 537 km²

BrazilBrazil
Argentina2 718 051
Peru1 283 667
Colombia1 126 802
Bolivia1 122 444
Venezuela904 531
Chile743 189
Paraguay397 335
Ecuador247 882
Guyana210 929
Uruguay174 208
Suriname144 772
French Guiana (France)83 680
Falkland Islands (UK)11 834
Galapagos Islands (Ecuador)8019

Antarctica — 12 381 361 km²

Antarctica12 369 609
Kerguelen Islands (France) 6 978
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (UK) 3 628
Heard Island and McDonald Islands (Australia) 344
Crozet Islands (France) 338
Prince Edward Islands (South Africa) 329
Bouvet Island (Norway) 73
Amsterdam Island (France) 53
Saint-Paul Island (France) 10

Finalizing the poster and testing the web application.