ARTLEBEDEV
  • Graphic design
  • School design guide

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    Task:
    to conduct research and develop a guide.

    Study of the architecture of Moscow schools

    By the request of the Department of Education of Moscow, Art. Lebedev Studio and Moscow Architectural Institute have developed a standard school design guide based on large-scale preliminary research. The guide formulates principles of good design of education environment which will help make schools beautiful and comfortable for both teachers and students.

    1. General recommendations

    1.1 General principles
    1.2 Graphic and text materials
    1.3 Navigation

    2. Rooms

    2.1 Entrance lobby
    2.2 Checkroom
    2.3 Corridors and recreational areas
    2.4 Elementary school classrooms
    2.5 Standard middle school classrooms
    2.6 Specialized middle school classrooms
    2.7 Cafeteria
    2.8 Gyms
    2.9 Assembly and dance halls
    2.10 Library
    2.11 Doctor’s office
    2.12 Administrative offices
    2.13 Санузлы

    2.5 Standard middle school classrooms
    2.6 Specialized middle school classrooms
    2.7 Cafeteria
    2.8 Gyms
    2.9 Assembly and dance halls
    2.10 Library
    2.11 Doctor’s office
    2.12 Administrative offices
    2.13 Washrooms

    Comprehensive approach

    The guide includes recommendations on layout and finish of classrooms, lighting, purchasing furniture and equipment and provides sample graphic design solutions.

    The comprehensive approach reduces costs, cuts down planning time and helps create a coherent visual environment.

    Functional zones

    Space zoning helps organize areas for study, recreation, games, equipment storage and parent waiting.


    Study zone contains student desks and teaching materials
    Study zone contains student desks and teaching materials

    Sections of the guide are accompanied by illustrations of sample interiors developed based on the research and study of European schools.

    Detailed illustrations demonstrate successful design ideas

    Renovations

    Different types of areas are presented in their own sections of the guide. Special attention is given to the design of classrooms for elementary and middle school classes, the cafeteria, assembly halls and gyms, washrooms, corridors, recreational areas, library, checkroom, doctor’s and administrative offices.

    Each of these areas has its own distinctive requirements which are represented in the guide. For example, flooring at the entrance, in the cafeteria and in washrooms should be water-resistant, while in the gym it should be cushioned.


    Doors and windows are highlighted in color



    Heavy-duty, ecological, hypoallergenic and easy to maintain materials are recommended for entrance lobby flooring

    The guide includes information on benefits and shortcomings of various materials, their service life, installation and purchasing requirements. All information is supported by photographs of successful and unsuccessful finishing. The illustrations help understand the nuances and avoid common mistakes during renovation.

    Color schemes

    Prepared color palettes for finishing take into account the purpose of the rooms and the lighting.

    Wall is coated with stripes of equal or varying width. Chairs have to be of a single color specified in the palette for the chosen wall
    Wall is coated with stripes of equal or varying width. Chairs have to be of a single color specified in the palette for the chosen wall

    Furniture

    Special attention is given to the furniture. The guide explains in detail how to choose items with required characteristics, arrange and safely position them.

    Characteristics
    Color: single color, bright or neutral, no ornaments or prints
    Material: plywood, chipboard, MDF covered with plastic, laminated or painted
    Recommended height: up to 220 cm (87″) to ensure ease of use


    Location
    Along the back wall in the storage area. If there is water supply, top modules are located above the sink

    Arrangement
    Modules are chosen based on the teacher’s needs

    Student desks are chosen based on ergonomics.


    Type 1
    Combination
    Open storage area with a bag hook
    Price range: 2000–3000 rub.


    Type 2
    Chair and desk
    Separate bag hook
    Price range: 3000–4000 rub.

    Type 3
    Chair and desk
    Desk and chair height adjustment
    Desk angle adjustment
    Open storage area with a bag hook
    Price range: 6000–8000 rub.

    Type 4
    Chair and desk
    Desk and chair height adjustment
    Desk angle adjustment
    Enclosed storage area with a bag hook
    Price range: 8000–10 000 rub.

    Lighting

    Lamps recommended in the document comply with all sanitary standards and are easy to maintain.

    Details

    The guide provides recommendations for placement of all interior details and even offers advice on placement of hooks, coat hangers, trash bins and soft pillows. Such a careful approach helps make school areas comfortable and cozy.


    Detailed illustrations include a variety of interior design scenarios

    Detailed illustrations include a variety of interior design scenarios

    Navigation

    The guide includes signs that can be used in any school. They help new students and parents find a classroom or a hall and bring variety to corridors and recreation areas.

    Long-distance sign zone
    Short-distance sign zone

    Graphic materials

    Detailed recommendations help select and place diagrams, maps, charts and posters.

    Wall decorations

    Graphic elements that can be used in decorating corridors and classrooms were collected in an image bank open to all schools. Walls can be decorated with bright and informative illustrations on prepared stencils chosen by architects and designers on a competitive basis.

    Useful information on the walls

    Rules, diagrams and formulas become elements of graphic design. Illustrating complex material with real-life examples makes it easy to understand.


    Formula for determining fluid pressure can be placed in the physics classroom or in a washroom
    Formula for determining fluid pressure can be placed in the physics classroom or in a washroom

    Document templates

    Prepared document templates make working in a word processor easy and bring order to school documentation. Recommendations for writing texts are also included to help working with the content.

    Model typography facilitates perception of information and accustoms children to good style.

    Document design

    A single typeface and a set of pictograms are used in the design of announcements and schedules. Small images do not distract from the text yet bring variety and reduce formalism of written notices.


    Developers welcome expert opinions and invite engineers, teachers and school administrators to submit their comments using the feedback form.


    artistic director

    • Artemy Lebedev

    art directors

    • Еrken Kagarov
    • Ludwig Bistronovsky

    secret advisor

    • Timur Burbaev

    architects

    • Anastasia Tikhonova
    • Nikita Barinov
    • Edoardo Rizzuti
    • Oleg Stukalov

    designers

    • Sofia Solomko
    • Mark Rodionov
    • Dmitry Lamonov
    • Egor Zhgun
    • Anastasia Musaeva
    • Aleksandr Blagov
    • Valery Tolchanov

    intern designers

    • Regina Krupnova
    • Natalya Evladova

    chief typesetter

    • Iskander Mukhamadeev

    typesetters

    • Anna Golovina
    • Yaroslav Bondarenko

    intern typesetters

    • Anna Balabas
    • Viktoria Bocharova
    • Ekaterina Chernobay
    • Aleksey Gorokhovsky
    • Nadezhda Efremova

    type designer

    • Ksenia Erulevich

    visualizer

    • Viktor Lvov

    photographers

    • Jenia Filatova
    • Anastasia Pakosh

    illustrators

    • Maksim Degtyarev
    • Yana Moskalyuk
    • Lizaveta Romantsova

    translator

    • Tatiana Kozlova

    editors

    • Katerina Andreeva
    • Anna Potapkina

    project managers

    • Larisa Melnikova
    • Katya Filimonova
    • Alexey Igoshin
    • Anna Frolova
    • Yulya Nikolaeva
    • Aleksey Luri
    • Andrey Dyakov
    • From Moscow Architectural Institute

    /

    project manager

    • Andrey Zhivaykin

    scientific advisor

    • Marina Mikheeva

    head of the research group

    • Lena Shaymanova

    researchers

    • Vladimir Shipilov
    • Galina Kulagina
    • Daniel Timozhinskiy
    • Ekaterina Barsukova
    • Irina Platonova
    • Olga Metalnikova
    • Olga Shvetsova
    • Yaroslava Barmenkova

    architect

    • Elvira Taktashova